Canadian Journal of Diabetes

Experiences of motivational interviewing in virtual healthcare visits for adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A qualitative analysis


1 day 16 hours ago

The purpose of this qualitative study is to identify barriers minimizing the effectiveness of motivational interviewing during virtual clinic encounters for individuals with type 2 diabetes based on the Capability, Opportunity, Motivation-Behaviour (COM-B) model.
Kimberley Lau, Carlos Escudero, Irene Lee, Catherine Yu

Incident Functional Limitations Among Older Adults With Diabetes During the COVID-19 Pandemic: An Analysis of Prospective Data From the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging


2 days 16 hours ago

The objectives of this study were: 1) to examine and compare changes in functional limitations during the COVID-19 pandemic among older adults with and without diabetes; and 2): to identify key risk factors associated with developing functional limitations among older adults with and without diabetes during the pandemic.
Andie MacNeil, Susanna Abraham Cottagiri, Paul J. Villeneuve, Ying Jiang, Margaret de Groh, Esme Fuller-Thomson

Association of SGLT2I vs. DPP4I with Pneumonia, COVID-19, and Adverse Respiratory Events in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis


2 days 16 hours ago

To systematically assess the association of Sodium-Glucose Co-Transporter 2 Inhibitors (SGLT2I) vs. Dipeptidyl Peptidase-4 Inhibitors (DPP4I) with pneumonia, COVID-19, and adverse respiratory events in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM).
Mengna Wang, Ming Li, Libin Wang, Fang Wang, Xulin Cao, Shengyou Li, Zhichang Zheng

Association of Fructosamine Levels with Glycemic Control in Children with Type 1 Diabetes as Determined by Continuous Glucose Monitoring: Results from the CGM TIME Trial


1 week ago

To determine the correlation between fructosamine, used to assess glycemia when HbA1c is not appropriate, with average blood glucose as measured by continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) in children with type 1 diabetes.
Kate C. Verbeeten, Ken Tang, Jennilea M. Courtney, Brenda J. Bradley, Karen McAssey, Cheril Clarson, Susan Kirsch, Jacqueline R. Curtis, Farid H. Mahmud, Christine Richardson, Tammy Cooper, Margaret L. Lawson, CGM TIME Trial Study Group and the JDRF…

Estimating the Rates of Undiagnosed Prediabetes and Diabetes among People Experiencing Homelessness


2 weeks 1 day ago

The rising prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) in Canada poses a significant health challenge. Despite the convenience of screening for diabetes with glycated hemoglobin concentration, people experiencing homelessness (PEH) often face barriers to accessing diabetes screening, potentially leading to underdiagnosis. This study aims to assess the prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes among PEH in Calgary, Alberta, contributing insights for planning healthcare services and public health initiatives.
Tucker Reed, Sara Scott, Eshleen Grewal, Fatima Macavinta, Saania Tariq, David J.T. Campbell

Real-World Use and Outcomes of Sodium Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors in Adults with Diabetes and Heart Failure: A Population Level Cohort Study in Alberta, Canada


3 weeks 2 days ago

Since 2016, clinical guidelines have recommended SGLT2is for people with type 2 diabetes with heart failure. We examined SGLT2i dispensation, factors associated with dispensation, and heart failure hospitalization and all-cause mortality in people with diabetes and heart failure.
Sonia Butalia, Chuan Wen, Ronald Sigal, Peter Senior, Hude Quan, Luan Manh Chu, Roseanne O. Yeung, Padma Kaul

Plant-based and Early Time-restricted Eating for Prevention and Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes in Adults: A Narrative Review


4 weeks 2 days ago

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a significant public health challenge for which effective lifestyle interventions are needed. A growing body of evidence supports the use of both plant-based eating patterns and early time-restricted eating (eTRE) for the prevention and treatment of T2D, but research has not yet explored the potential of these dietary strategies in combination. In this narrative review we assessed the evidence by which plant-based diets, in conjunction with eTRE, could support T2D care. The electronic databases MEDLINE and the Web of Science were searched for relevant articles published throughout the last decade.
David M. Goldman, Cassandra B. Warbeck, Thomas J. Waterfall, Adam Sud, Michael Quarshie, Joel C. Craddock

Glycemic Control Among Adults With Type 1 Diabetes During Passover: A Pre–Post Single-center Study


1 month ago

No data are available regarding glycemic control of patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) during Passover. Our aim in this study was to assess the effect of Passover on diabetes management and glycemic control in adult patients with T1D with nutritional changes during Passover (observant) compared with patients who did not change their dietary habits during Passover (nonobservant).
Idit Dotan, Tzipora Shochat, Talia Diker-Cohen, Amit Akirov, Alexander Gorshtein

Identification of Intervention Characteristics Within Diabetes Prevention Programs Using the Template for Intervention Description and Replication: A Scoping Review


1 month 2 weeks ago

Diabetes prevention programs (DPPs) targeting dietary and physical activity behaviour change have been shown to decrease the incidence of type 2 diabetes; however, a more thorough reporting of intervention characteristics is needed to expedite the translation of such programs into different communities. In this scoping review we aim to synthesize how DPPs are being reported and implemented.
Megan M. MacPherson, Cara Johnston, Kaela D. Cranston, Sarah Der, Jenna A.P. Sim, Mary E. Jung

Managing Medications During “Sick Days” in Patients With Diabetes, Kidney, and Cardiovascular Conditions: A Theory-informed Approach to Intervention Design and Implementation


1 month 3 weeks ago

Our aim in this work was to: 1) explore barriers and enablers to patient and health-care provider (HCP) behaviours related to sick-day medication guidance (SDMG), 2) identify theory-informed strategies to advise SDMG intervention design, and 3) obtain perspectives on an eHealth tool for this purpose.
Kaitlyn E. Watson, Kirnvir Dhaliwal, Eleanor Benterud, Sandra Robertshaw, Nancy Verdin, Ella McMurtry, Nicole Lamont, Kelsea M. Drall, Sarah Gill, David J.T. Campbell, Kerry McBrien, Ross T. Tsuyuki, Neesh Pannu, Matthew T. James, Maoliosa Donald

The Juncture of Diabetes, Cancer, and Observational Population-based Studies: Novel Insights From Canadian Provincial Health Records


2 months ago

Whether cohort, case–control, or cross-sectional designs, observational studies that take information gleaned from population health records can provide insight into local disease trends, behaviours, and outcomes that are used to guide risk stratification, treatment responses, and disease descriptions. We need to always ask the question, “does this study apply to my patient?” … and, in this issue of the Journal, this question is particularly relevant. The outcomes reported in several articles come from Canadian provincial health system databases or electronic medical records, and therefore directly apply to our populations.
Terra Arnason, Kerry Mansell

Working Together to Improve Type 2 Diabetes Care: A Participatory Design Project to Address Identified Needs of People With Diabetes and Their Health-care Professionals


2 months ago

Diabetes care in Australia is often fragmented and provider-centred, resulting in suboptimal care. Innovative solutions are needed to bridge the evidence–practice gap, and technology can facilitate the redesign of type 2 diabetes care. We used Participatory Design to increase the chances of fulfilling stakeholders’ needs. Using this method, we explored solutions aimed at redesigning diabetes care, focussing on the previously identified needs.
Soraia de Camargo Catapan, Carina Vasconcelos Silva, Dominique Bird, Monika Janda, Len Gray, Lisbeth Maunder, Jane Clemensen, Anish Menon, Anthony Russell

Glycoprotein Acetyls Associate With Intraglomerular Hemodynamic Dysfunction, Albuminuria, Central Adiposity, and Insulin Resistance in Youth With Type 1 Diabetes


2 months 1 week ago

Glycoprotein acetyls (GlycA's) are biomarkers of systemic inflammation and cardiovascular disease, yet little is known about their role in type 1 diabetes (T1D). In this study we examined the associations among GlycA's, central adiposity, insulin resistance, and early kidney injury in youth with T1D.
Alyssa Caldwell McGee, Trenton Reinicke, Diego Carrasco, Jesse Goodrich, Meda E. Pavkov, Daniel H. van Raalte, Carissa Birznieks, Robert G. Nelson, Kristen J. Nadeau, Ye Ji Choi, Tim Vigers, Laura Pyle, Ian de Boer, Petter Bjornstad, Kalie L. Tommerdahl

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